剑桥雅思写作7分范文及解析:Test3 提高公共健康的方式

双边类大作文,健康类话题

Some people say that the best way to improve public health is by increasing the number of sports facilities. Others, however, say that this would have little effect on public health and that other measures are required. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

题目来源:剑9Test3大作文

1、题目大意

有些人认为改善公众健康的最佳方式是增加体育设施的数量。但也有人认为这对公众健康影响不大,需要采取其他措施。讨论双方观点并给出你自己的看法

2、思路解析

这是一道双边讨论的题目,聊的是改善公众健康的方法。双边类的题目,需要对每个观点分别表达同意或反对,最终的结论就是我的立场,可以是中立(双方都同意或都反对),也可以是单边支持某一方立场。审题时要注意两点,一是绝对词“the best way”,一般遇到绝对词我们从反对角度更容易切入。二是题目讨论对象“public health”的范围其实很广,除了运动外,还有很多影响因素,比如生活压力、空气和水资源是否干净、食物卫生等等会产生印影响。下面,月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。

首先来看前者观点的合理性。

更多的体育设施确实意味着人们有更多的锻炼场所和锻炼机会,这对他们的身体健康有好处。许多人们喜欢的体育项目比如羽毛球、篮球、足球、游泳等往往需要专门的场地才能进行这些运动,只有提供了相应设施,人们才有机会进行这些运动锻炼身体。同时,更多的锻炼场所也能减少人们前往的路程和时间,一定程度上提高人们的积极度。

但是,增加体育设施并不能解决所有问题。一方面,许多人不运动可能是由于生活压力太大,将大量精力和时间用于工作或学习,而无法进行运动。另一种可能是,一些人对健康缺乏重视程度,过于懒惰从而不进行运动。针对这两种情况,政府可以出台更多措施来促进人们工作和生活之间的平衡,以及加大宣传和采用更多鼓励措施,来提高人们对健康运动的重视程度和积极性。

而从后者观点来看,公共健康确实还有其它问题需要对应措施解决。(这边可以任意挑一点或两点展开)

一是环境污染会严重影响人们的身体健康,而政府可以出台严格的规章来禁止企业进行污水和废气排放造成环境污染,或是增加绿植面积起到净化空气的作用,以及可以投入研究更多清洁能源来替代现有的煤炭和石油进而减少污染。

二是食品问题也会对人们健康造成威胁,对于高糖高油等不健康的食物,需要提醒人们尽可能减少食用。而对于在食物中添加有害物质或卫生条件不达标的情况,需要政府制定规则明令禁止,并对违法者做出处罚,尽可能杜绝此类现象。

三是现有的疾病和未知的病毒会威胁到人们健康,因此需要投入更多资源在医学研究、医疗设施建设以及专业人员的培养,来保证更多人可以得到及时的救助以及应对潜在的威胁。

3、提纲

剑9写作7分范文及解析 | Test3 提高公共健康的方式

4、高分范文示例

I strongly believe that the increase of the quantity of sports infrastructures does little with the proliferation of the standard of physical wellbeings, and other schemes are highly recommended for realizing this purpose.

Those myopically suggesting that enlarged number of facilities would contribute to a better outcome of the public health hold misconceptions to the essence of the problem in the first place. They may, on the one hand, simply consider that the lowered standard of the physical situations among today’s citizens is mainly sourced from the lack of daily excercises. Individuals typically take less movements when the increasing private transport, intelligence-based occupations and powerful logistic system are gradually leading to people fostering a lazier living, during which they are no longer forced to make moderate amount of physical activities. More infrastructures, sports centers should be established, ergo, to give them chances in getting access to their daily exercises. Whereas they may neglect the fact that people lack the chances of doing sports simply due to their indolence, or their occupational property which gives them no enough time to fulfill their related needs but not sourced from the limited quantity of exercise locations of tools. Besides, the amount of exercise is also not the solely determing factor influencing the public health. Poor hygiene in the remote places, famine in the desolated areas, pollutions and high level of living pressures in the urban centers, or even smoking habits or the disorder of one’s sleep schedule are all the key elements provoking negative health conditions, which are not supposed to be alleviated solely by developing sports infrastructures in terms of the quantity and coverage.

Therefore, core of public health problems must be seriously considered in a correct way. Policy makers, physicians, together with the related experts should look at the world from a macro perspective, under which the focuses are supposed to be accumulated into solving the aforementioned elements, turning the attention from increasing the sports facilities into matters like how to alleviate the burden of the blighted environment, or how to foster the more regular public living arrangement. Money, which would be to no avail if poured into proliferating the sports-related services, would be valued more when invested for dealing with the polluted rivers, smogged air, as well as the diminishing green areas. Water purification and clean energy development, accompanied by the afforesation in both the cities and alongside farming lands, hence, are definitely more practical for public health improvement. What is more, reasonable quantity of propagandas on the harms of disordered routines in arising awarenesses of the significance of sound living habits also generates greater benefits than solely providing the sports infrastructures, since it concentrates more on the essence of elements plaguing the physical conditions and contributes to the direct positive effects to majority wellbeing.

In conclusion, the nature of the issue on promoting public health should be recognised distinctly through reasoning the elements contributing to this, and solutions available should focus more on the weakening points and rooted factors but not the superficial phenomenons.

5、相关词汇和语法结构

Proliferation  激增、增生、扩散

Myopically  缺乏远见、近视的

Misconception  错误概念、误解

Infrastructure  基础设施

Indolence  懒惰、懒散

Hygiene  卫生

Famine  饥荒

Desolate  荒凉的、凄凉

Provoke  激起、引起、引发

Alleviate  减轻、缓和

Solely 单独的、唯一的

afforestation 植树造林、人造林

Be to no avail  无济于事

Purification  净化

Hence  因此、由此

Propaganda  宣传、鼓吹

Superficial  粗略的、肤浅的、表面的

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