雅思大作文7分范文及解析:保护野生动物的资源过多

观点类大作文,环境类话题

Some people argue that too much attention and too many resources have been given to the protection of wild animals and birds. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

题目来源:2015年1月31日大陆雅思大作文

1、题目大意

有人认为对保护野生动物和鸟类给予了太多的关注和资源。你是否同意?

2、思路解析

这是一道观点类大作文,聊的是野生动物保护的问题。话题比较常规,但是审题时注意“too much/many”这个词,我们在讨论同意与否时,并不只是讨论“是否保护野生动物”,而是“是否投入了太多资源”。下面,月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。

首先来看同意的角度,即投入保护的资源确实过多了。

人类自身有大量的问题需要解决,特别是在那些贫困地区,饥饿、疾病等问题一直威胁当地人的生命。一方面,人们在无法保障自身生命的前提下却担心野生动物的生存并不合理。另一方面,如果将投入保护野生动物和鸟类的资源能够用于解决那些贫困地区,可能能更好地改善当地人的生存条件和寿命。

其次来看反对的角度,即投入的资源并没有过多。

一是许多野生动物濒临灭绝确实是由于人类造成的。人们为了满足自身的需求,过度开发土地、捕捞动物和鱼类以及污染自然环境,造成了野生动物及鸟类的死亡和灭绝。因此,人们有责任为自己的行为买单,既然人类在过往的行为中获得了大量回报,那么现在也应当提供更多资源来弥补自己造成的损失。

二是保护野生动物一定程度上就是保护人类自身的生存环境。许多野生动物在维持生态平衡中都扮演了重要角色,如果生态遭到破坏,人类将不得不面临更加恶劣的生存情况。因此,出于保护人类自身生存的需要,投入再多资源也不为过

3、提纲

雅思大作文7分范文及解析:保护野生动物的资源过多(附2022年写作预测领取)

4、高分范文示例

It is true that millions of animals suffer and die needlessly each year, as unfortunately, they are the collateral victims of disasters and human activities. In this case, much emphasis and many resources are allocated in the attempts to preserve rare or dying species. However, some people have launched attacks on the expenditure on animal protection. Yet I personally believe that efforts made to protect the animal welfare is a compelling obligation of human beings especially when we are partially held responsible for the disappearance of animals and birds.

On one hand, we have to admit the fact that earth is a closed system and therefore, all of its life is interdependent relying upon each other as resources.  The more biologically diverse earth is the better the chance all species will have for survival, as obviously it ensures countless kinds of foods as well as raw materials for clothing, shelter, fertilizers and medicines all of which serve as the supporting pillar of the sustainable development of human society.

On the other, apart from natural disasters, some of the most common reasons that animals are extinct are caused by humans. They experience the terrible effects of disasters that people do: injury, starvation, thirst, displacement, illness and stress. For example, construction forces animals of all kinds to move to a different place and adapt to a place that they’re not used to. Pollution and contamination is also caused by humans. Most pollutants in the air can usually be ascribed to cars, trains, factories etc. Contamination is caused by humans throwing debris into rivers, ponds, canals, beaches and even oceans. Animal test are another cause we cannot neglect. These years animals are increasingly used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health care uses. Therefore, we are not in the position to opt-out of the responsibility of protecting those endangered species.

In conclusion, I would say that we do need to be more aware of the protection of wild animals and birds and take action accordingly. Yet this does not necessarily mean that we should focus our resources solely on wild species. Other approaches like tightening restrictions on human activities which may result in devastating impacts on both the living species and environment we share may be more effective.

5、相关词汇和语法结构

Needlessly  不必要的 ; 不需要地

Collateral  抵押品 ; 抵押物 ; 担保品

compelling obligation  强制义务

displacement  取代 ; 移位 ; 替代

starvation  饥饿 ; 挨饿 ; 饿死

debris  残骸 ; 碎片 ; 破片

toxicity  毒性 ; 毒力 ; 毒性作用

devastating  毁灭性的 ; 破坏性极大的

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