美本Why Major文书写作指南及对应范文

继上次发表Why School文书的写作方法后,我们收到了不少留言,其中最多的还是希望老师能够快点写写Why Major的文书写作秘诀~那么今天就来一起看看吧!

错过Why School的“绝密公式”的同学点这里:

Why Major文书是什么

A Supplemental Essay

很多大学都需要一篇补充文书,举两个例子:

Why are you drawn to the area(s) of study you indicated earlier in this application? (You may share with us a skill or concept that you found challenging and rewarding to learn, or any experiences beyond coursework that may have broadened your interest.)

或者:

Students at Yale have plenty of time to explore their academic interests before committing to one or more major fields of study. Many students either modify their original academic direction or change their minds entirely. As of this moment, what academic areas seem to fit your interests or goals most comfortably? Please indicate up to three from the list provided. Why do these areas appeal to you? 

简言之就是问:你为什么想学你想学的专业? 

写作步骤

Step by Step

第一步:在脑海里创建一个微电影,你是什么时候哪个契机开始喜欢上某个领域的。想好了之后列出一个简明扼要的大纲

这里用生物学来举例:

小学时,得到我人生中第一个恐龙玩具和恐龙相关书籍;

初中时,去参观博物馆,在显微镜下观察了水;

高中时,获得实习机会,在导师带领下分析了脑电波,并解剖了小青蛙;

第二步:像我们上面给出的例子一样,按照时间顺序将这些微场景排列起来,这样你就会清晰地看到你的兴趣发展过程

第三步:决定是否要写一个中心论点——你想研究什么以及为什么要研究它。这个论点可以放在开头、中间或者结尾。

不定专业:如果是不定专业仍然可以研究并选择1-3个感兴趣的领域,并描述你如何对每个领域感兴趣。如果可能的话,说说不同领域之间的联系。

TIPS:每个学校的Why Major文书字数限制不同,如果你写的是一篇较短的Essay(例如,100-150字),可以每句话描述一个场景。如果你要写一篇中等长度(例如,250-300字)的Essay,可以每一小段写一个场景。

范文展示及结构分析

Essay Examples

我们来分别看两个例子:

短文书My decision to major in Electrical Engineering was inspired by my desire to improve security through technology. When I lived in Mexico, my father’s restaurant security system lacked the ability to protect our property from robbers, who would break in multiple times a year. Thanks to the influence of my cousin, who now studies Autonomous Systems, I developed an interest in electrical engineering. I am inspired to not only improve my father’s security system, but contributing to security innovations for larger companies and perhaps, one day, national security. (89 words)

文章结构

1、论点:我想通过技术来改善安全状况

2、劫匪闯入爸爸的餐馆

3、表哥教我自主系统的知识

4、未来:与大公司合作或从事国家安全工作

中长文书

Imagine all the stars in the universe. The brain has a thousand times the number of synapses, making neurological errors a near certainty. I learned this fact firsthand as a 14 year-old, when I suffered from sleepless nights because of an uncomfortable, indescribable feeling in my leg. It took months of appointments and tests to be told it was a condition called cortical dysplasia. Even after the diagnosis, there is no cure.

I am lucky. My condition does not severely affect my quality of life. However, I know this is not the case for everyone. After this experience, I took AP Biology and attended a neuroscience program, which reinforced the subject as my future calling. One of the most impactful lectures discussed the plight of healthcare in developing nations. Newborns with extreme neurological deficits are common, but finding treatments is not. Without prenatal care, this is becoming a growing epidemic, leaving millions of children helpless.

With a degree in neuroscience, I will gain a strong understanding of neural tube development and neuronal migration in infants. I will then become a neurologist, specializing in pediatric care. I hope to work for humanitarian organizations, such as Doctors Without Borders, in Africa, where HIV and polio are rampant, as are numerous other diseases. 

Imagine the stars once more. From across the world, I will look at the same stars in the future, as I help children secure the ability to not only look at the stars, but do much more. (247 words

文章结构

1、引子:将星星的数量与大脑中的连接数联系起来;

2、学校课程及活动:学习发展中国家的医疗保健知识;

3、学习展望:说说为什么是神经科学(具体点),以及我拿到学位后会做什么;

4、扣题:回到开端(星星)并展望未来;

如何将多个兴趣串起来

Describe Your Interest in Several Possible Majors

有时候可能会遇到需要“描述你对几个专业的兴趣”的时候。这时候还是遵循我们上述的字数规则,短则一句一个场景,长则一段一个场景。

这里有一个典型案例分享给大家,学生申请的是计算机科学和数学、计算机科学和心理学以及电子工程和计算机科学方向,而校方要求一个短片Essay。

Having attended college Physics classes every Saturday for a year, I’ve embraced the wisdom from centuries-old mathematics and the vast potential of computers, a realization I can honor by pursuing Computer Science and Mathematics. Much of my interest in AI lies in its basis in the human brain, which I can pursue in a Psychology concentration. And Electrical Engineering allows me to connect the virtual world with the physical, as I currently do in robotics. Yale will fuel my interdisciplinary interests that stem from my curiosity about connections between the materials and systems in the world around me. (98 words)

这篇文章写的非常直白,举这个例子也是为了告诉大家,在写 "为什么选择专业 "的短Essay时,要优先考虑内容而不是诗意

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