雅思大作文7分范文及解析:贫富差距扩大

报告类大作文,社会类话题

The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming wider. The rich is growing richer and the poor is growing poorer. What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?

题目来源:2010年1月23日大陆雅思大作文

1、题目大意

富人和穷人之间的差距越来越大。富人越来越富,穷人越来越穷。造成这种情况的原因是什么?可以采取什么措施来减少这个问题?

2、思路解析

这是一道报告类大作文,聊得是贫富差距问题。报告类文章结构比较简单,两个主体段分别回应两个问题,主体段一讨论贫富差距拉大的原因,主体段二讨论解决办法。审题时候注意题目中限定对象“the rich”和“the poor”,需要在论证时考虑到两者的特性。下面月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。

首先来看造成贫富差距加大的原因,有两方面。

一是收入不平等造成财富差距变大。有的职业比如明星可能每月收入能过百万,而许多职业月入仅几千,两者收入的巨大差距导致双方财富的差距越来越大。

二是可投入资源不同。穷人的收入可能仅能满足基本的衣食住行,并且一旦出现通胀就会消耗其为数不多的积蓄,更不用说有余力进行投资。而对于富人来说,通胀对其积蓄的影响可以说是微乎其微。拥有更多资源能够用于投资教育、理财等内容,这些投资能为其带来更多收入。进而导致双方财务差距进一步增加。

然后来看解决办法,有几种措施。

一是制定税收政策,通过减免低收入群的税收,并增加高收入群体的税收,来减少双方收入差距。

二是为低收入群体提供更多财政支持,比如在医疗、住宿、饮食等必要领域,降低其生活的刚性成本,让其有更多盈余。

三是提供免费教育及工作的机会,让其有更多公平竞争的机会甚至能够获得更高收入。

3、提纲

雅思大作文7分范文及解析:贫富差距扩大(附2022年写作预测领取)

4、高分范文示例

The widening gap between the wealthy and the poor is one of the most pressing issues confronting contemporary civilization, and it poses a threat to social order. This challenge is triggered by a number of factors and can be resolved in a variety of ways.

I believe that income inequality and unequal resource allocation are major contributors to this phenomenon. In the first place, the gap in income across different occupations is a growing concern. A single night of celebrity can yield millions of dollars, whereas working families require decades to achieve the same amount. The ability to invest in one's self-improvement by acquiring a prestigious education is another advantage of wealth; this investment can lead to other benefits, such as the opportunity to secure well-paying jobs and to live a high-quality life. However, individuals who are relatively more impoverished are at a disadvantage while seeking educational resources and work prospects since they have restricted access to information. As a result, a vicious circle is created that makes it difficult, if not impossible, to improve one's social status.

Multiple measures can be employed to close the gap between the wealthy and the underprivileged. First, improving social fairness can be accomplished by adjusting the profits of the wealthy through tight rules and taxation policies. Secondly, in order to support the disadvantaged in bettering their lives, greater financial investments and work possibilities should be made more available. Thirdly, education should be emphasised more so that all students have equal access to high-quality resources and can compete on a level playing field to alter their futures.

In conclusion, income inequality and unfair distribution are the primary causes of the widening gap between the rich and the poor, and it is anticipated that a number of actions will be taken to address this issue and create a more harmonious and stable society.

5、相关词汇和语法结构

social stability 社会稳定

distribution of resources 资源分配

disparity 差异

accumulate wealth 积累财富

move up the social ladder 社会阶级跃升

narrow the gap 缩小差距

social equity 社会公平

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