The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming wider. The rich is growing richer and the poor is growing poorer. What are the causes of this? What measures can be taken to reduce this problem?
这是一道报告类大作文，聊得是贫富差距问题。报告类文章结构比较简单，两个主体段分别回应两个问题，主体段一讨论贫富差距拉大的原因，主体段二讨论解决办法。审题时候注意题目中限定对象“the rich”和“the poor”，需要在论证时考虑到两者的特性。下面月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。
The widening gap between the wealthy and the poor is one of the most pressing issues confronting contemporary civilization, and it poses a threat to social order. This challenge is triggered by a number of factors and can be resolved in a variety of ways.
I believe that income inequality and unequal resource allocation are major contributors to this phenomenon. In the first place, the gap in income across different occupations is a growing concern. A single night of celebrity can yield millions of dollars, whereas working families require decades to achieve the same amount. The ability to invest in one's self-improvement by acquiring a prestigious education is another advantage of wealth; this investment can lead to other benefits, such as the opportunity to secure well-paying jobs and to live a high-quality life. However, individuals who are relatively more impoverished are at a disadvantage while seeking educational resources and work prospects since they have restricted access to information. As a result, a vicious circle is created that makes it difficult, if not impossible, to improve one's social status.
Multiple measures can be employed to close the gap between the wealthy and the underprivileged. First, improving social fairness can be accomplished by adjusting the profits of the wealthy through tight rules and taxation policies. Secondly, in order to support the disadvantaged in bettering their lives, greater financial investments and work possibilities should be made more available. Thirdly, education should be emphasised more so that all students have equal access to high-quality resources and can compete on a level playing field to alter their futures.
In conclusion, income inequality and unfair distribution are the primary causes of the widening gap between the rich and the poor, and it is anticipated that a number of actions will be taken to address this issue and create a more harmonious and stable society.
social stability 社会稳定
distribution of resources 资源分配
accumulate wealth 积累财富
move up the social ladder 社会阶级跃升
narrow the gap 缩小差距
social equity 社会公平