Nowadays some countries encourage people to buy more and more products, which is good for the economy, while others believe it is bad for society. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.
这是一道双边类大作文，讨论的是政府促进居民消费的利弊。双边类的题目，需要对每个观点分别表达同意或反对，最终的结论就是我的立场，可以是中立（双方都同意或都反对），也可以是单边支持某一方立场。审题是需要注意双方观点限定，前者“is good for the economy”，后者“it is bad for society”，因此利和弊要分别扣在这两项上展开。下面月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。
In today's culture, the question of whether or not the government should promote consumerism has always been controversial. Some believe it stimulates the domestic economy, while others consider it detrimental to society.
It is undeniably advantageous when citizens participate in the economy and spend more than they did previously, as the government benefits from the increased tax revenue generated by the broader sale. And more funds will be dedicated to improving infrastructure and public services in order to provide residents with a more gratifying living environment. In addition, the rising demand from consumers necessitates a corresponding increase in output, leading to the creation of more employment opportunities since more labour is required to meet demand. Therefore, the employment issue can be markedly mitigated in this scenario.
However, such encouragement does have negative societal consequences. Initially, excessive expenditures produce undesirable waste. Frequently, individuals underutilize the products they acquire. To be more specific, after a few uses, piles of clothing are discarded in the corner of a closet, and household appliances are left dusted. Unnecessary waste will, over time, increase the burden of waste management and pollution control, thereby posing an additional barrier to environmental protection. The public has a tendency to welcome unsustainable spending habits and to celebrate consumerism in an undesirable manner. They will continue to purchase items beyond what they need and can afford, even with loans. Once they are unable to repay their debts, they will inevitably declare bankruptcy, and the country will be in dire economic straits if a large portion of its citizens are in this situation.
In conclusion, it is true that excessive consumption is detrimental to society, but the benefits of encouraging consumption outweigh the disadvantages so long as the public maintains a reasonable spending pattern.
infrastructure construction 基础设施建设
excessive spending 过度消费
garbage disposal 垃圾处理
go bankruptcy 破产
be mired in 陷入