5.20大陆雅思大作文8分范文及解析:长时间工作带来的收益和问题

观点类大作文,工作类话题

Countries with long average working time are more economically successful , but they are also likely to suffer from negative social consequences . To what extent do you agree or disagree?

题目来源:2023年5月20日大陆雅思大作文(高度重合2013年9月12日大陆考题)

1、题目大意

平均工作时间长的国家在经济上更成功,但它们也可能遭受负面的社会后果。你同意或不同意的程度如何?

2、思路解析

这是一道观点类大作文,聊的是更长的工作时间带来的经济收益和社会问题。审题时需要注意,这道题目包含了两个观点,更长工作时间“是否会让国家在经济上更成功”和“是否会带来负面的社会后果”,因此在论证过程中,两者都需要提及。如果表赞同,则需要对两者都赞同,如果表示反对则可以反对其中之一或两者都反对。下面,月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。

首先来看同意的角度。

经济层面上,工作时间长可能意味着更多劳动力的投入,一般来说产出的成果也就更多,经济收益也会更大。同时当处于竞争环境中,更长的工作时间意味着能快的完成任务、占领更多市场份额或是更早的完成技术研发从而占据优势,这些同样能带来更高的经济收益。

社会问题上,长时间工作确实会带来一系列负面影响。

一是会带来个人健康问题,长时间工作可能会对个人的身体和心理产生大量负担,甚至容易引发如心脏病、抑郁症等疾病,造成生命危险。

二是长时间工作可能影响个人的生活和情感关系,由于时间都用于工作,个人缺少时间用于陪伴家人和社交,可能导致家庭矛盾增多和社交关系恶化,甚至引发婚育率下降等社会问题。

再来看反对的角度,主要集中在经济层面。

一方面持续长时间的工作可能反而使得工作效率降低,由于疲劳或疾病等影响,人们的工作效率可能下降,造成了时长增加但是总体产出并未增加的情况。

另一方面经济增长并不仅仅依赖工作时长,劳动力教育水平、技术水平也至关重要,如果这两者达不到要求,意味着劳动者不能从事更复杂的工作,即使增加工作时长,所能带来的经济收益也是有限的。

3、提纲

5.20大陆雅思大作文8分范文及解析:长时间工作带来的收益和问题

4、高分范文示例

Enveloped within the intricate web of economic development, it's clear that the nexus between average working hours and a nation's economic success is as complex as a well-crafted puzzle. To assert that longer hours are the sole progenitors of economic growth is akin to viewing the world through a keyhole — overly simplistic and fraught with half-truths. Yes, increased working hours could indeed ignite the flame of economic growth, but they can equally fan the embers of significant social repercussions. Thus, my agreement with the statement is not wholehearted, but instead nuanced and cautiously optimistic, recognising the potential for economic prosperity alongside the shadow of societal implications.

In the grand theatre of economic growth, there are actors such as Japan and South Korea who have harnessed the energy of extended working hours to turn the wheels of their economies. The relentless toil of their citizens has become the fuel for increased production and services, painting a vivid portrait of economic prosperity mirrored in high GDP figures. Here, the evidence seems to sketch a correlation, as if with broad strokes, between longer working hours and economic success.

However, every coin has two sides. As the sun sets on economic prosperity, the moon of societal distress rises. The punishing rhythm of extended working hours could induce worker burnout, casting a shadow over productivity, and subsequently, economic growth. Societies functioning on overtime can resemble a ship caught in a storm, grappling with high stress levels, crumbling mental health, and eroding family bonds — the ominous waves of an unbalanced work-life equation. These societal tempests often necessitate an influx of public resources into health and social services, creating a vortex that could devour the economic gains birthed from increased productivity.

Let's also turn our gaze to the tapestry of factors contributing to economic success. It isn't a solo performance by extended working hours, but an orchestra featuring technological advancement, education, quality infrastructure, and effective governance. Countries like Germany and Denmark stand as testament to this symphony. Despite their shorter working hours, they have composed an economic success story as resonant, if not more, than their counterparts clocking in more hours. This harmony signals that reduced working hours can indeed strike a chord with economic prosperity, given the supporting notes are in tune.

In summary, it's vital to tread the path of economic growth with balanced steps, considering both the potential prosperity and the lurking societal pitfalls. Extended working hours can indeed be a powerful horse pulling the chariot of economic growth, but the ride is far from smooth or linear. Governments are then tasked with the delicate art of balance, ensuring their march towards economic growth doesn't trample the social fabric, in pursuit of a sustainable, healthy society.

5、相关词汇和语法结构

Enveloped within the intricate web   包裹在复杂的网络之中

Nexus between   …之间的关系

Viewing the world through a keyhole   通过钥匙孔看世界

Ignite the flame of   点燃...的火焰

Fan the embers of   煽动...的余烬

Wholehearted   全心全意的

Nuanced and cautiously optimistic   微妙而谨慎乐观

Harness the energy of   利用...的能量

Relentless toil   不懈的辛劳

Vivid portrait of   ...的生动画像

Every coin has two sides   每枚硬币都有两面

Punishing rhythm   严酷的节奏

Crumbling mental health   崩溃的精神健康

Eroding family bonds   腐蚀家庭关系

Solo performance   独奏

Orchestra featuring   以...为特色的管弦乐队

Symphony   交响乐

Delicate art of balance   微妙的平衡艺术

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