Some people believe that the main benefit of international cooperation is in the environment, others maintain that the major profit is the development of world business. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
In international collaboration, it is a matter of contention whether environmental conservation or economic growth should take primacy. Others think that economic expansion should take priority over environmental protection. However, it is my realisation that both of these goals necessitate global cooperation, and determining which one benefits more is a challenging proposition.
The expansion of international business is a notable effect of globalisation. The interdependence among nations has resulted in the facilitation of capital, goods, and human movements across borders, which has improved economic productivity and resource allocation in worldwide markets. Transnational corporations of rich nations with advanced technologies can primarily profit from international collaboration by establishing manufacturing units in underdeveloped countries, where labour and raw materials are relatively less expensive. This can culminate in the maximising of earnings for such corporations. In addition, developing nations can gain from international commerce by expanding investment channels for domestic growth and exporting their products to other states, thereby diversifying national revenue. In this way, international trade can contribute significantly in alleviating poverty by offering work possibilities for millions of people. Thereby, it is obvious that global collaboration can improve the economic prospects of world economies.
Besides, global cooperation is required to mitigate environmental disasters brought on by human economic activity. Climate change, for example, poses a global concern despite having differing effects in different nations. Failure to solve this issue results in disastrous repercussions, such as a decline in biodiversity and an increase in extreme weather events. International cooperation enables nations to share ideas, experiences, and technology while co-creating a fund to address environmental issues. Countries with high levels of pollution need financial and technological support to transition to clean and alternative energy sources and minimise greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, agreements such as the Paris Agreement and shared objectives, such as carbon neutrality by 2050, give a clear framework for each nation's commitments. Thus, international cooperation is required to address environmental challenges.
In summary, it is unnecessary to ascertain the most advantaged industry in an increasingly interconnected world. Given the simultaneous and interdependent nature of global economic growth and environmental oversight, prioritization of either ought to be avoided.
Transnational company 跨国公司
Greenhouse gas emission 温室气体排放
Extreme weather event 极端天气情况
Loss of biodiversity 生物多样性减少
Carbon neutrality 碳中和
Lift sb out of poverty 使某人脱贫