6月22日雅思真题解析及范文 | 19年原题重现!人类是否应该阻止动物消亡?

It is natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g. dinosaurs, dodos, etc.). There is no reason why people should stop thisfrom happening. Do you agree or disagree? (2019/9/14)

解析

本题问:既然动物消亡是个自然过程,那是否意味着人类就不需要做任何事情来阻止动物消亡?本题还与2011年79日的真题有一定相似度,那次考题问的是:有人认为我们不应该花太多人力物力来保护野生动物,因为人类本身有很多问题要解决。

两次考试都涉及人类是否应该保护野生动物,但预设的原因不同。2011年考题预设的原因是:人类有很多实际问题需要解决,因此不要花太多人力物力去保护野生动物,而本次考试预设的原因是:动物消亡是个自然过程,因此我们不必去保护动物。

从根本上讲,本次考试的题目依然是“原因-结果”类:即给定一个原因,导出一个结果,考生需要对原因、结果或者原因和结果之间的逻辑关系进行思考,然后作出自己的判断。就本题而言,唐老师采取的策略是:

1.承认原因,的确,很多动物消亡是自然过程。

2.否认结果,即人类不需要做什么。事实上,很多动物消亡都是人类行为引发的。

3.结论:人类理应保护野生动物,使其不要过早灭亡。

以下是老师的高分范文。

7分范文

Animal species disappear because of changes on the Earth that are caused either by nature or by human activities. While nothing can be done about nature, humans can help save many animal species from going extinct.

Extinction is a natural phenomenon. After all, more than 90 percent of all animal species that have ever lived on Earth are not alive today, and this has had nothing to do with human beings. Sometimes, a natural event, like a volcano eruption, can kill an entire species. It is interesting to know that dinosaurs were wiped out by an enormous asteroid impact on the planet around 66 million years ago, in the absence of humans. Animal extinctions may also be caused by natural occurrences such as climate heating or cooling or changes in sea levels. For example, after the ICE Ages, when the glaciers melted and the planet became warmer, many species died out because they could not live in a warmer climate. In these cases, it is indeed senseless for humans to try to intervene and stop them from happening.

Yet this does not mean that human activity is not at all responsible for animal extinction, especially in modern days. Given that it is a natural process of animal species to become extinct, humans have made it worse, and accelerated theextinction. A new study reveals that the famous extinction of Mauritian Dodo about 300 years ago began the momentDutch sailors first encountered the bird on the island of Mauritius. As amatter of fact, many animal species have been lost due to the human role in habitat loss, environmental pollution, climate change, over-fishing,and over-hunting. Indeed, human activities have made the extinction of many animals take place long before the nature should have taken its course.

In conclusion, although it is natural process that many animal species have died out, there are enough reasons to believe that human beings should (and could) take action to prevent animals from disappearing too soon.

(331words)

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6月22日雅思真题解析及范文 | 19年原题重现!人类是否应该阻止动物消亡?
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