什么是MCAT考试?MCAT考试花费多少钱?

What Is the MCAT

什么是MCAT

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) is a standardized, multiple-choice, computer-based test that has been a part of the medical school admissions process for more than 90 years. Each year, more than 85,000 students sit for the exam.

医学院入学考试(MCAT)是一种标准化的、多项选择的、基于计算机的考试,90多年来一直是医学院招生程序的一部分。每年有超过85,000名学生参加该考试。

Nearly all medical schools in the United States and several in Canada require MCAT scores, and many health profession schools and graduate programs now accept MCAT scores in lieu of other standardized tests.

美国几乎所有的医学院和加拿大的一些医学院都要求有MCAT成绩,而且许多卫生专业学校和研究生课程现在接受MCAT成绩,以代替其他标准化考试。

The MCAT exam tests examinees on the skills and knowledge that medical educators, physicians, medical students, and residents have identified as key prerequisites for success in medical school and practicing medicine.

MCAT考试测试考生的技能和知识,这些技能和知识被医学教育家、医生、医科学生和住院医生认定为在医学院和行医中取得成功的关键先决条件。

MCAT Sections

考试部分

The MCAT has four sections, and a test-taker's performance on each section is weighted equally in his or her overall score. The sections are:

MCAT有四个部分,考生在每个部分的表现在其总分中的权重是相同的。这些部分是:

Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems.

生命系统的生物学和生物化学基础。

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems.

生物系统的化学和物理基础。

Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills.

批判性分析和推理能力

Psychological, Social and Biological Foundations of Behavior.

行为的心理学、社会学和生物学基础。

Three of the four sections focus on natural and social sciences and are based on lessons learned in premed undergraduate courses. In contrast, the Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills section of the MCAT is not scientifically oriented, does not require background knowledge and tests reading comprehension abilities.

以上的四个部分中的三个部分侧重于自然科学和社会科学,并以医学预科课程中的课程为基础。相比之下,MCAT的批判性分析和推理能力部分不以科学为导向,不需要背景知识,目的为测试阅读理解能力。

The MCAT lasts 7 1/2 hours, including 6 hours and 15 minutes of time spent on the exam, 50 minutes devoted to breaks and 25 minutes assigned to logistical tasks at the beginning or end of the test.

MCAT考试持续7个半小时,包括6小时15分钟的考试时间,50分钟用于休息,25分钟分配给考试开始或结束时的后勤任务。

An MCAT test-taker's total score on the exam can be as low as 472 or as high as 528. This score is determined based on the sum of a student's section scores, each of which ranges from a minimum of 118 to a maximum of 132.

一个MCAT考生的考试总分可以低至472分或高至528分。这个分数是根据学生的各部分分数的总和确定的,每个部分的分数最低为118分,最高为132分。

MCAT test-takers are rewarded for correct answers to test questions, but they are not penalized for wrong answers, so they should make their best guess on questions where they are unsure of the right answer.

MCAT考生对试题的正确答案会得到奖励,但他们不会因为错误的答案而受到惩罚,因此当考生面对不确定的考题时,可以猜一个他们认为是最正确的答案。

MCAT Scores

成绩

MCAT Percentiles

MCAT成绩分布

According to the AAMC, premeds who achieve the following MCAT scores equal or surpass the achievements of the vast majority of MCAT test-takers in 2019, 2020 and 2021.

根据AAMC的数据,在2019年、2020年和2021年达到以下MCAT分数的预科生相当于或超过了绝大多数MCAT考生的成绩。

什么是MCAT考试?

The mean MCAT score among med school applicants seeking admission to U.S. medical schools in the 2021-2022 school year was 505.9, according to AAMC statistics. However, the average MCAT score among applicants who were admitted and actually matriculated at U.S. medical schools in that same year was higher: 511.9.

根据AAMC的统计,在2021-2022学年寻求进入美国医学院的医学院申请人中,平均MCAT分数为505.9。然而,同年被美国医学院录取并实际入学的申请人的平均MCAT分数更高为511.9。

How Much Does the MCAT Cost?

考试花费

According to the MCAT fee schedule posted on the AAMC website, the initial registration fee to sign up for the MCAT is $325 for the 2022 testing year. However, med school hopefuls with difficult financial circumstances may qualify for the AAMC's fee assistance program.

根据AAMC网站上公布的MCAT费用表,2022年考试年度报名参加MCAT的初始注册费为325美元。然而,经济条件困难的医学院学生可能有资格参加AAMC的费用援助计划。

The program enables premeds with demonstrated financial need to receive discounts on their MCAT registration fees, alongside free test prep resources, a complimentary two-year subscription to the Medical School Admission Requirements database, fee waivers for the AAMC PREview professional readiness exam (previously called a situational judgment test) and one American Medical College Application Service, or AMCAS, entry form, which can be submitted to as many as 20 medical schools at no charge.

该计划使有经济需要的预科生能够获得MCAT报名费的折扣,以及免费的考试准备资源、免费订阅两年的医学院入学要求数据库、AAMC PREview专业准备考试的费用减免,以及一份美国医学院申请服务(或AMCAS)报名表,该报名表可以免费提交给多达20所医学院。

Best Medical Schools

排名第一的医学院

Harvard University Medical School

#1 in Best Medical Schools: Research

最佳医学院校排名第一

In the years since Harvard Medical School was founded in 1782, HMS has continued to innovate and influence medical education. Students today are divided into five academic societies, which offer mentoring and advising and enable team-based learning under faculty supervision. Students interested in a biomedical research career can apply to the Harvard-MIT Health Sciences and Technology program.

自1782年哈佛医学院成立以来的这些年,哈佛大学医学院一直在不断创新并影响医学教育。现在的学生被分为五个学术社团提供指导和咨询,并在教师的监督下实现团队学习。对生物医学研究事业感兴趣的学生可以申请哈佛-麻省理工学院健康科学与技术项目。

Students pursue the Pathways program, in which they study core scientific concepts and build clinical skills early before beginning principal clinical experiences in the second year. In preclerkship courses, there are no traditional letter grades – students are graded either satisfactory or unsatisfactory.

在一年一度的新生白衣仪式之后,大多数哈佛大学医学院的学生继续学习Pathways课程,在第二年开始主要的临床经验之前,他们会提前学习核心科学概念并建立临床技能。在实习前的课程中,没有传统的字母等级--学生被评为满意或不满意。

Students study at the medical school campus in Boston’s Longwood Medical Area, and can complete clinicals at affiliated institutions throughout the city. Medical students may also opt for joint degrees, like an M.D./Ph.D. and M.D./MBA, and can cross-register in courses at other schools within the university, including the highly ranked Law School and Business School.

学生在位于波士顿龙湖医疗区的医学院校园学习,并可在全市的附属机构完成临床。医科学生还可以选择联合学位,如医学博士/博士和医学博士/MBA,并可以交叉注册大学内其他学院的课程,包括排名靠前的法学院和商学院。

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