2024年一月托福学术写作考情分析

2024年一月托福线下考试一共六场:分别是1.6;1.13;1.20上下午各一场;1.24;1.27。

这六场考试中,按照题型分类:开放类占了一题;限定类占了五题;和去年呈现的比例一致。

按照话题分类,一共考了四大类话题:教育类占了两道题,分别是讨论

1、小孩子还是青少年更能从小组学习中获益;

2、老师的工资应该和其它行业一样还是应该高一点;工作类占两题,分别是1、决定工作场合沟通方式的重要因素是什么,2、多样化劳动力是否会带来积极影响;科技类占一题,讨论社交媒体的网红对粉丝的利弊影响;政府政策类占一题,讨论政府是否应该提供免费的高等教育。

备考建议:

1.读题和审题要仔细 跑题和偏题对写作分数影响较大;比如一月的第一场考试,考察角度比较刁钻,它问的是"工作中,在决定是通过书面交流还是口头交流时,要考虑的最重要因素是什么?" 偏题的学生较多,都写成了书面交流还是口头交流更好;这种偏题对写作分数造成了明显的影响;

2.话题的背景素材储备要充足;本月考察的话题,不管是工作类话题和是政府政策类话题都不是高中生们生活中经常提及的主题,平时如果不刻意的积累搜集相关的话题背景知识,容易在考场上出现思路卡壳的现象。

接下来附上本月考试的具体真题,备考的同学们可以使用练习。

2024.1.6

lDr. Achebe: Over the next few weeks, we'll begin discussing communication strategies in the workplace. These days there are many options for workplace communications. Sometimes people choose to communicate in writing through email or through messaging apps, while at other times they prefer talking to others face-to-face or by phone. What is the most important factor to consider when deciding whether to communicate in writing or by speaking in the workplace?Why?

lKelly:I think privacyis the biggest factor in choosing to communicate in writing or speaking at work. If it's personal or confidential, it's better to email or message instead of talking out loud where everyone can hear. My dad always emails his boss private stuff rather than discussing it in the open office. Written communication lets you control who sees what you say.

lAndrew:I think the main factor in deciding to speak or write at work is how well you know someone. If you don't know a coworker that well, randomly showing up in their office to chat can interrupt their workflow. It's better to email new coworkers at first until you build more of a rapport. Once you're more familiar with each other, face-to-face talks are easier and less disruptive.

2024.1.13

Dr. Achebe: Having students work together in small groups on learning activities is a popular alternative to teaching the whole class as one large group. The average age of students in a classroom can, of course, be an important consideration when choosing any teaching approach. I'd like us to consider two age groups: very young students (ages 5-11) and older students (ages 14-18). Which age group do you think would benefit more from working in small groups on learning activities? Why?
Claire: I think young elementary school kids would benefit more from small group activities than high schoolers. Young kids are often more eager to participate and cooperate, whereas teens can be disengaged and distracted during class. Grouping kids when they're young can teach them social skills and get them excited about learning together. High schoolers may prefer independent work where they can focus without distractions from peers.

Andrew: I think older high school students would benefit more from small group work. Teens tend to be more competitive and motivated to stand out, so working in groups can encourage them to challenge each other intellectually. From my experience in group projects for class, we pushed each other to think deeper and produce better work than we could have individually.

2024.1.20 上午

Dr. Achebe: As teachers play an invaluable role in shaping young minds and preparing students for the future, there is an ongoing discussion regarding their compensation. Some argue that teachers should be paid salaries comparable to other high-earning professionals like doctors, lawyers and business executives. Do you agree or disagree that teachers deserve salaries on par with these professions? Please explain your viewpoint.

Claire: Teachers should receive salaries on par with other high-earning professionals. They work long hours preparing lessons, grading assignments, and supporting students. Without good teachers, we wouldn't have doctors, lawyers, and executives. If we want to attract the best talent to this invaluable profession, we must compensate teachers accordingly. My favorite teachers inspired me and contributed greatly to my success.

Andrew: I don't think teachers deserve the same high salaries as doctors or lawyers. Teachers get so much time off, with summer vacations and other long breaks. My aunt is a teacher and she's always posting on Facebook about trips she takes or sleeping in during vacations. With all that time off, teachers shouldn't earn salaries on par with year-round demanding professions.

2024.1.20 下午

Doctor Diaz

Diversity and inclusion have become crucial considerations for modern workplaces. Employers are increasingly recognizing the value of recruiting individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds and genders. However, there is an ongoing debate about the potential positive or negative impacts of such recruitment practices while also maintaining gender balance within the workforce. Let me ask you: do you think such recruitment practices mainly bring positive or negative impacts?

Claire

Well, I think diversity recruitment can bring about a wealth of benefits to organizations. It can lead to the creation of a more innovative, adaptable, and creative workforce, as individuals from different backgrounds bring in varying perspectives and experiences.

Paul

In my opinion, recruiting individuals from diverse backgrounds may lead to potential challenges such as cultural differences, misunderstandings, and communication barriers. There may be a lack of understanding about certain taboos or norms, creating friction and hindering effective collaboration within the workforce.

2024.1.24

Doctor Gupta:

With the rise of social media, influencers have emerged as popular figures who impact the opinions and behaviors of their many followers. As we study the effects of media, we ought to examine whether these influencers are having positive or negative impacts on society. Influencers shape trends and sway their followers' choices on many topics from fashion to politics. Given their power, in your opinion, do social media influencers generally have positive or negative effects on their followers and society at large? What evidence supports your perspective?

Claire:

Influencers can have a positive impact because they provide their followers with a lot of information and save them time researching topics themselves. Rather than having to read extensively about fashion, politics, or other interests, fans can simply follow influencers to get key information and opinions on those subjects. Influencers conveniently consolidate and share knowledge that would otherwise take followers much time to acquire independently.

Paul:

I disagree with Claire because influencers may exaggerate or misrepresent the truth. For example, an influencer may promote a pair of athletic shoes and claim they perform amazingly, leading many followers to purchase them. However, the shoes may not actually live up to the influencer's hype. Followers can be misled by influencers stretching the truth, whether intentionally or not, about products, political issues, or other topics.

2024.1.27

Dr. Achebe: College tuition has been rising steadily, putting financial pressure on many families. One proposal is that government should cover tuition costs so that anyone can attend college for free. What do you think? Should government pay for college and make higher education free? Please explain your viewpoint.

Claire: I believe college should be free for all students. This would promote fairness and access to education, giving underprivileged students more opportunities. Everyone deserves a chance to pursue higher education, regardless of their financial situation. Free tuition would open doors for many capable students who currently can't afford the high costs of attending college.

Paul: I don't think college should be free for all. That could attract many students who aren't genuinely interested in learning, overcrowding classes. It's better to keep some cost so students are motivated and classes aren't too large, which hurts the quality of education.

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2024年一月托福学术写作考情分析
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