2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析

NEC中国站组委会于2月24日公布Critical Thinking案例,据官方要求,3月4日即将提交报告和PPT,如此之短时间,要求在10天之内需产出高质量的报告,对部分选手来说备赛压力会比较大,再次特邀机构国际经济学导师来教你如何破题,一起往下看看吧!

跟着老师一起走进今日议题

1.NEC-DR中国站问题&破题思路

2.报告和PPT的答辩评分标准

3.NEC复赛备考难点

01、NEC-DR中国站问题&破题思路

 

2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析请看,备考思路一文缕清!

问题:

As a member of an economic advisory committee tasked with exploring policy initiatives, you are being asked to view fossil fuel reduction through an economic lens and make suggestions for how to curb the country’s increasing dependence on foreign oil. There are several aspects to consider, including the strong economic incentives to maintain the status quo, as people have become reliant on things such as their ability to drive their cars to and from work, for example.

Your job is to propose some policies that include the following questions:

● What are the costs and benefits of reducing the dependence on fossil fuels?

● What are some policies that affect the demand for fossil fuels?

● What are some policies that affect the supply of fossil fuels?

● What unintended consequences might your policies create? For example, how might your policies affect the price and quantity of goods that currently rely on fossil fuels for their production and/or distribution?

● How do short-run and long-run effects differ?

As a member of an economic advisory committee tasked with exploring policy initiatives, you are being asked to view fossil fuel reduction through an economic lens and make suggestions for how to curb the country’s increasing dependence on foreign oil. There are several aspects to consider, including the strong economic incentives to maintain the status quo, as people have become reliant on things such as their ability to drive their cars to and from work, for example.

Your job is to propose some policies that include the following questions:

● What are the costs and benefits of reducing the dependence on fossil fuels?

● What are some policies that affect the demand for fossil fuels?

● What are some policies that affect the supply of fossil fuels?

● What unintended consequences might your policies create? For example, how might your policies affect the price and quantity of goods that currently rely on fossil fuels for their production and/or distribution?

● How do short-run and long-run effects differ?

解题思路:

你们如何看待化石燃料的减少,并就如何遏制国家对外国石油日益增长的依赖提出建议。有几个方面需要考虑,包括维持现状的经济激励,比如,因为人们已经变得依赖于开车上下班。

报告整体结构及重点分析思路可参考:

1.用图表和数据展示,依赖化石燃料的优势和劣势?

2.减少对化石燃料的依赖的成本和收益是什么?

3.目前限制化石燃料需求和供应的政策有哪些?以及对经济造成的影响?

4.你们团队的建议是什么?这些建议可能会造成哪些后果?例如,可能会如何影响目前依赖化石燃料生产或分销的商品的价格和数量?短期和长期的影响有何不同?

需求端政策:

(1)使用清洁能源的财政补贴

(2)对燃油车的限制——车牌限制包括上牌照和限行

(3)更严格的油品质量标准和燃油车排放控制技术

(4)投资清洁能源基础设施

应端政策: 汽油的税收增加

(1)建议可以从增强公民环保意识及对清洁技术的偏好着手

(2)可以建立家庭碳排放信用机制

02、报告和PPT的答辩评分标准

 

2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析请看,备考思路一文缕清!

2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析请看,备考思路一文缕清!

2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析请看,备考思路一文缕清!

03、NEC复赛备考难点

 

难点一Critical Thinking案例大剖析部分对于Smart组别学生难度较大,一个是学生缺乏案例分析经验,面对题目无从下手。

难点二论文整体产出时间紧张,距离案例发布(2月24日)到成果提交(3月4日)只有10天

难点三针对经济学测评内容有所遗忘,复赛内容难度提升,学生既要补齐经济学知识,又要拓展复赛涉及内容,备赛压力较大。

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2024 NEC Critical Thinking案例分析
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