美国政府可能加强对AI技术的限制!2025年申请何去何从?

美国当地时间5月8日,美国众议院的某小组公开了一项法案文件,法案旨在限制美国人工智能、人工智能系统等出口,防止外国竞争对手使用美国的AI技术。

若该法案通过,则会让政府更容易对AI技术实行出口管制。

美国政府可能加强对AI技术的限制!25年申请何去何从?

图片源自该法案截图

看似法案是对AI技术的管制,但根据其对AI的定义,其包括了所有AI相关的软件和硬件均在管制范围内。

因此,若该法案被通过,不仅对技术、贸易等方面会产生影响,甚至有可能会影响持有H1b签证的留学生和求职者!

其实,美国对于本国的高新技术产业和“高敏”领域的技术限制,由来已久。

而针对中国的高新技术企业、高校等的限制更是有明确的名单,就是大名鼎鼎的“10043”。

名单不仅罗列了众多中国的高新技术企业,还将中国国内众多的高校也列入其中,共计87所高校全部在列,其中就包括著名的“国防七子”:北京理工大学、北京航空航天大学、南京理工大学、南京航空航天大学、哈尔滨工业大学、哈尔滨工程大学、西北工业大学

从Offer More历年辅导的案例来看,申请美国的计算机大类专业,最主要的限制来源与签证环节,但就申请而言,还是更多考察申请人各方面的综合实力,那么在美国整体受限的情况下,我们还可以考虑哪些地区的项目呢?

香港

香港科技大学

(QS计算机大类排名32,软科计算机科学与工程排名44)

MSc in Big Data Technology

核心课程:Foundations of Data Analytics3,Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery,Big Data Computing,Mathematical Methods for Data Analysis

MSc in Integrated Circuits

核心课程:CMOS VLSI Design,Digital VLSI System Design and Design Automation,Embedded Systems,Analog IC Analysis and Design,Advanced Analog IC Analysis and Design,Semiconductor Devices for Integrated Circuit Designs

MSc in Information Technology

Students are required to complete at least 30 credits of CSIT courses.

They may repeat CSIT 6910 to obtain a maximum of 6 credits.

MSc in Telecommunications

核心课程:IP Networks,Digital Communications,Wireless Communication Networks,Introduction to Telecommunication Networks,Wireless Communication Systems,Multimedia Signal Processing,Emerging Technologies in Telecommunications and 6G

新加坡

新加坡南洋理工大学

(QS计算机大类排名9,软科计算机科学与工程排名7)

MSc in Artificial Intelligenc

核心课程:Introduction to AI and AI Ethics,Machine Learning: Methodologies and Applications,Deep Learning and Applications,Mathematics for AI

MSc in Data Science

核心课程:Data Science Thinking,Machine Learning Methodologies and Applications,Data Systems, Data Preparation,Data Visualisation

MSc in Cyber Security

核心课程:Computer Security,Application Security,Application Security,Security & Risks Management, Network Security,Cyber Physical Systems Security,Software Security,Security Monitoring & Threat Detection, Malware, Blockchains and Cryptocurrency,Privacy Preserving Technologies & Security in AI

英国

爱丁堡大学

(QS计算机大类排名20,软科计算机科学与工程排名40)

MSc in Artificial Intelligence

核心课程:Accelerated Natural Language Processing,Image and Vision Computing,Automatic Speech Recognition,Machine Learning & Pattern Recognition,Natural Language Understanding, Generation, and Machine Translation,Probabilistic Modelling and Reasoning,Reinforcement Learning,Advanced Robotics,Machine Learning Theory,Case Studies in AI Ethics

MSc in Computer Science

核心课程:Advanced Databases Systems,Blockchains and Distributed Ledgers,Computational Complexity,Computer Networking,Distributed Systems,Internet of Things: Systems, Security, and the Cloud,Introduction to Quantum Computing,Parallel Programming Languages and Systems,Secure Programming

MSc in Cyber Security, Privacy and Trust

Approximately seven months of taught courses in two semesters.

Up to four months of project work leading to a dissertation.

MSc in Data Science

You will follow two taught semesters of lectures, tutorials, project work and written assignments. During this time you will also learn research methods (such as literature review and project planning) to prepare for your final project and dissertation, which is completed during the summer.

MSc in High Performance Computing

核心课程:HPC Architectures,Message-Passing Programming,Programming Skills,Threaded Programming,Software Development

欧洲

奥斯陆大学

(QS计算机大类排名144,软科计算机科学与工程排名38)

MSc in Computational Science

涵盖下列方向:

Applied Mathematics and Risk Analysis

Astrophysics

Bioinformatics

Bioscience

Chemistry

Geoscience

Imaging and Biomedical Computing

Materials Science

Mechanics

Physics

MSc in Data Science

涵盖下列方向:

Statistics and Machine Learning

Database Integration and Semantic Web

Data Science and Life Science

Language Technology

Digital Image Processing

MSc in Informatics

涵盖下列方向:

Design, Use, Interaction

Digital Economics and Leadership

Information Security

Language Technology

Programming and System Architecture

Robotics and Intelligent Systems

MSc in Space Systems

核心课程:Romsystemer,Systems Engineering,Romsensorer og kommunikasjon,Space Systems Project

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美国政府可能加强对AI技术的限制!2025年申请何去何从?
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