IHBB 真题:史诗与神话传说

在本期IHBB真题回顾中,我们整理了5道有关史诗、古代宗教及神话传说的题目,比较侧重于西方文明世界及印度。一起来看看吧!

Q1. 《吉尔伽美什史诗》

Since its rediscovery in 1849, the exploits of the eponymous hero of this poem and his hairy friend, Enkidu, across ancient Iraq have been referenced in many forms of media from Philip Roth’s The Great American Novel to the video game Civilization. The hero of this poem visits (+) Utnapishtim, who recounts a story of how he survived a global flood by building a giant boat from reeds. Found in Nineveh by Austen Henry Layard, this poem was originally written on twelve (*) cuneiform tablets. For ten points, what is the name of this Sumerian epic poem?

参考答案: The Epic of Gilgamesh

Q2. 阿波罗

Of the main Olympian gods, this god was the only one whose name remained the same in both Greece and Rome. This deity won a music contest against Pan and turned King Midas's ears into those of a donkey. The patron deity of Delphi, this figure was often conflated with Helios, god of the sun. For ten points, name this Greek god of prophecy, archery, and music, the twin brother of Artemis.

参考答案: Apollo (or Apollon)

Q3. 雅努斯 (罗马门神)

A temple to this deity was consecrated by Gaius Duilius after the Battle of Mylae. In Ovid’s Fasti, this deity describes himself as the “janitor of the celestial court.” Numa Pompilius established a temple at the forum that was dedicated to this deity. The (*) rex sacrorum typically offered a ram to this deity during the Agonium festival. The opening and closing of the gates at this deity’s temple symbolized,
respectively, (*) wartime or peace. For ten points, who was this double-faced Roman god of beginnings and transitions?

参考答案: Janus (or Ianus)

Q4.底比斯(希腊城市)

Athenians battled this city’s troops at Delium, and legend told that the nobles of this city were the descendants of "Sown Men" who sprang from dragon's teeth. As a show of force, a young Alexander the Great burned this city’s Cadmea fortress, named for its legendary founder. This city fielded an elite unit of spearmen known as the Sacred Band. For the point, name this Greek city-state, legendarily ruled by Oedipus.

参考答案: Thebes [[THEEBS]] (accept Thiva; accept Thebai; be lenient on pronunciation)

Q5.湿婆(印度教三大主神之一)

This god is commonly depicted with Ganga [[GUNG-guh]] flowing from his matted hair and with a third eye that he used to destroy the god of love, Kama. This god beheaded his wife's son and guard before giving him the head of an elephant. This father of Kartikeya [[kar-tih-KEH-yah]] and Ganesh [[gah-NESH]] is the husband of Parvati. For ten points, name this Hindu god of destruction, who makes up the Trimurti with Brahma and Vishnu.

参考答案: Shiva (accept Siva; Shiv; or Siv; accept Rudra)

以上就是本期推送的真题内容,有兴趣的同学可以继续拓展了解相关的神话传说内容。下期再见!

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IHBB 真题:史诗与神话传说
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