HIEEC哈佛国际经济学论文竞赛2022年题目及赛程公布

入围决赛作品将由诺奖得主亲审的哈佛国际经济学论文竞赛(HIEEC)2022年题目及赛程公布啦!

2022年题目如下:

NO.1题目1

In recent years and decades, many countries have seen fertility rates drop, potentially leading to falling populations. Currently, China has a fertility rate of 1.3, one of the lowest in the world. However, in 2021, China experienced GDP growth of 8% with output totaling $17.7 trillion. Will this lowered fertility rate (with potential to fall further) affect China’s economic growth and policy? How so? What, if anything, can the Chinese government do to limit the risk of falling fertility rates?

近年来,许多国家的生育率下降,这可能导致人口锐减。目前,中国的生育率为1.3,是世界上生育率最低的国家之一。然而,2021年中国GDP增长8%,总产值达17.7万亿美元。生育率的下降(及进一步下降的可能)会影响中国的经济增长和政策吗?将带来怎样的影响?中国政府可以采取哪些措施来应对生育率下降所带来的风险?

NO.2题目2

U.S. mortgage rates recently passed 7%, making the purchase of a new home increasingly unaffordable. Meanwhile, the United States has suffered from a chronic shortage of available housing for decades, particularly in urban areas, leading to what many scholars and advocates call an affordability crisis. Why is housing so unaffordable in the U.S.? What can (or should) be done by private actors, state and local governments, and the federal government to alleviate the affordability crisis?

美国抵押贷款利率最近已超过了7%,使得人们购买新房的负担越来越大。与此同时,几十年来美国的可用住房长期短缺,尤其是城市地区,从而出现了许多学者和专家所说的负担能力危机。为什么美国的房价如此昂贵?个人、州和地方政府以及联邦政府能够(或应该)做些什么来缓解负担能力危机?

NO.3题目3

It is often suggested that a tradeoff exists between economic growth and the health of the environment, especially now as the threat of climate change becomes more dire. What economic risks does a changing climate pose? Can economic growth be consistent with a healthy environment? What policies, either market-based or otherwise, should governments enact to protect the environment while posing the least danger to economic efficiency?

人们常常认为,在经济增长和环境健康之间存在着一种平衡,这一点在气候变化影响愈发可怕的今天尤其突出。气候变化会带来怎样的经济风险?经济增长能否与环境健康相一致?无论是基于市场还是其他因素,政府应该制定什么样的政策来保护环境,同时将对经济效率的危害降到最小?

NO.4题目4

Central banks such as the Federal Reserve in the U.S. and the Bank of England in the UK manage their nation’s macroeconomies with the goal of ensuring price stability and maximum employment. Globally, inflation rates are rising to levels not seen since the 1980s, particularly in the U.S. and European countries. To what extent should the monetary policies of central banks in various Western countries differ or resemble one another as a reaction to the specific causes of inflation facing their economies?

美国的美联储和英国的英格兰银行等中央银行管控着本国的宏观经济,其目标是确保物价稳定和最大限度的就业。在全球范围内,通货膨胀率逐渐上升至上世纪80年来以来的新高水平,尤其是美国和欧洲国家。不同西方国家的中央银行货币政策应保持何种程度的异同,以应对其经济所面临的通货膨胀具体原因?

2022 HIEEC赛程

论文提交截止:2022年12月31日(美东时间)

决赛入围通知:2023年2月初

获奖者公布:2023年3月初

参赛者需要从官方公布的4个紧贴时事的“烧脑”选题中任选其一,在截止日期前完成一篇不超过1500词的论文

但从赛程来看,相较于去年的比赛,今年给到参赛人的准备时间短了将近1个月……

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