雅思托福考试阅读题做题技巧:作者说的很重要!

首先阅读考的线索当然都是来自于文本的,或者说都是来自于作者写的文字的。所以阅读的重点不是知道答案是客观的,这个谁都知道,阅读能力的好坏,如果单纯从文本阅读来说,主要区别点是定位速度的不同。

换句话说一个阅读老手和一个阅读新手最大的不同是老手在读文本的时候就已经可以比较好的判断出来那些内容是重要信息,就考试来说,就是能预判出来哪些部分是比较容易出考题的。

这里要分享的一个比较容易出题的内容是作者强调过的内容,所以

阅读原则一:作者说重要的,就是很重要

作者说“重要”的方式可以直接用最高级说the most important, 或者最高级(first, only 等也属于这个类型),也可以是一些有强态度的词,比如下面这个abnormally

文本 The abnormally high abundance of predators led to a feedback in which the abundant predator trophic level controlled the abundance of the island's herbivorous insects, thereby further contributing to their rarity on the islands. This lessens the insect damage to plants. Hence the effects of the subsidy reverberate throughout the entire island food web.

除了abnormally 这个强态度的词,本身文本里面这种“变大变小/增加减少”的逻辑关系也是特别喜欢出题的

考题对应

Based on the passage, a decline in the abundance of predatory spiders on the Baja California islands would most likely lead to 【注意题目和原文在取了个反,原文是 high,题目是decline】

A) an imbalance in the marine food chain.

B) an increase in plant damage caused by insects. C) a rise in resource flows across ecosystem boundaries.

D) a reduction in the subsidy received by detritivorous insects.

再举一个关于Only的例子

文本

It was only in an urban landscape, amid straight lines and architecture, that she could situate herself in human time and history. As a novelist she needed this. She missed people. She missed human intrigue, drama and power struggles. She needed her own species.

考题对应

It can most reasonably be inferred from the passage that Ruth might become more content with her life in Whaletown if she were able to

A) cultivatethetypesofplantsthataremore commonly found in cities.

B) persuade Oliver to spend more time with her.

C) have more free time to work on her writing.

D) socialize with various groups of people.

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