剑11写作7分范文及解析:Test2 法律是推广回收利益的唯一途径

观点类大作文,环境类话题

People claim that not enough of the waste from home is recycled. They say that the only way to increase recycling is for government to make it a legal requirement. To what extent to you think laws are needed to make people recycle more of their waste?

题目来源:剑11Test2大作文

1、题目大意

人们声称家里的废物没有得到足够的回收。他们认为提高回收的唯一方法是政府将其作为一项法律规定。你认为在多大程度上需要法律来使人们回收利用废弃物?

2、思路解析

这是一道观点类大作文,聊得是废物回收利用的问题。话题不难理解,审题时候要注意两点,一是观点中提及的“laws”一定需要展开讨论,二是观点中有绝对词only way,一般遇到绝对词我们从反对角度更好切入。下面月半鸭和大家一起来看下具体观点。

首先来看制定法律的合理性,有两方面。

一是法律本身具有强制性,对于那些不愿意进行回收利用的人,可以通过强制手段要求他们执行。同时,违背法令所会面临的惩罚也会让他们有所忌惮。

二是制定法律法规后,政府行政机关介入可以使得回收利用更快速地得到推广。

但是这个方式会给政府带来额外的财政负担。法律制定后的实际执行需要投入大量执法者,这些人力成本和时间成本无疑会成为一种负担。

然后再来看非唯一办法的原因,有两方面。

二是政府可以通过媒体宣传等方式,激发人们的环保意识,使得更多人愿意主动进行废物利用。相较于被动强迫去执行,这样的效果无疑会更加持久。

三是政府可以通过激励政策,对于进行废物利用的人实施奖励,比如价格抵扣等,来吸引更多人参与其中并培养良好的习惯。

3、提纲

剑11写作7分范文及解析 | Test2 法律是推广回收利益的唯一途径

4、高分范文示例

Nowadays, the recycling of household rubbish has become a problem that frustrates and exhausts the general public all over the world. Therefore, it is claimed that the government should legislate to promote the waste recycling. To me, addressing this problem is likely to need more than a simple legal and institutional measure.

Granted, injunctions from the authority do have their advantages in waste management. One of the primary benefit lays emphasis on its deterrent to those reluctant to recycle garbage. With a legalized rule for them to follow, especially with its penalty clarified, they will constrain their conduct out of the fear of being punished for not abiding the law. Another reward brought by the measure appears to be its effectiveness, which is guaranteed by the administrative enforcement in implementation.

However, though the compulsory measure has its role to play in managing waste, it doesn’t mean that there are no other options to promote recycling. In contrast to the punishment mentioned above, awarding policies from business could be made an attractive alternative to government laws. For example, if there were incentives as cash credits or discounts for customers reusing their packages when shopping, more families would like to keep their packaging bags rather than discard them, thus not only stimulating the circulation of disposable bags but also curbing the overproduction of packaging materials. Meanwhile, the public media could strengthen publicity and education, cultivating a consciousness of environmental protection among individuals, thus leading to a self-discipline on their personal behavior. Only by doing so, will the problem be tackled in a more spontaneous way.

In summarize, from what has been discussed above, legal requirement is far from the only way to promote waste recycling, there are plenty of other pragmatic solutions which can lead to an environmental treatment of household rubbish.

5、相关词汇和语法结构

Frustrate   使懊恼 ; 使沮丧

Exhaust   耗尽 ; 使筋疲力尽

Legislate   制定法律 ; 立法

legal and institutional measure   法律与制度措施

Injunctions   强制令,禁制令

Lay emphasis on   重视、强调

Constrain   约束、限制、强迫

Effectiveness   效果、有效性

Guarantee   保证 ; 担保

Administrative enforcement   行政强制执行

Implementation   实施 ; 执行 ; 贯彻

Compulsory measure   强制措施

Awarding policies   奖励政策

Incentive   激励,鼓励

Discard   丢弃 ; 抛弃

Stimulate   促进 ; 激发

Publicity   宣传 ; 关注

Cultivate   培养 ; 培育

Consciousness   清醒状态 ; 知觉

Tackle   解决 ; 应付

Spontaneous   自发的 ; 非筹划安排的

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