我让ChatGPT写了一篇 5.5 + 的Argument文章

这件事情其实蛮自然的。

因为GRE 的Argument 本身就是一个模式化的客观类文章,如果框架是明确的话,那肯定可以让机器来写。

但效果出来的时候还是有点惊讶:因为我发现AI 比大多数人类更知道怎么去点题。

什么意思呢?

GRE 的Argument 或者说GRE 的写作部分有个特点,它的题目的instruction 是不一样的,一共有assumption/question/evidence/ alternative explanation 四种,大多数的同学在应对argument 的时候不会去太在意这种Instruction 的不同,但是 ChatGPT 非常的尊重

以下是两个不同Instructions 类型的示范,特意的找了两个argument 部分的文本都是一样的,只是Instruction 的不同,可以看下ChatGPT 是怎么应对的

# 例子1

The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice to a client.

"Homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last year that region experienced 90 days with below-average temperatures, and climate forecasters at Waymarsh University predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes have been built in this region during the past year. Because these developments will certainly result in an increased demand for heating oil, we recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil." [👈这个部分是argument]

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation and the argument on which it is based are reasonable. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation. [👈这个部分是 instruction]

argument 部分说的是一个公司给客户的投资建议

instruction部分是个question 的类型

看下ChatGPT 的简单回复版 【343 words】

There are several questions that would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation to invest in Consolidated Industries is reasonable.

Is there any evidence to support the prediction that the weather pattern of 90 days with below-average temperatures in the northeastern United States will continue for several more years? Without this information, it is difficult to determine whether the increased demand for heating oil will be sustained over the long-term.

How does the demand for heating oil in the northeastern United States compare to the supply of heating oil in the regionIf the supply of heating oil exceeds the demand, it is possible that the increased demand for heating oil due to the cold weather and new homes may not significantly impact the price of heating oil or the profits of Consolidated Industries.

What are the financial prospects of Consolidated Industries outside of their retail sale of home heating oilIf the company has other strong areas of business, they may be able to weather any potential downturn in the demand for heating oil. However, if the retail sale of home heating oil is a major part of their overall business, a decline in the demand for heating oil could have a significant negative impact on the company's financial performance.

Are there any potential alternative investments that may be more attractive given the current economic and market conditions? It is important to consider the potential returns and risks of other investment options before deciding to invest in a particular company.

Answering these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation to invest in Consolidated Industries and the argument on which it is based. If the prediction of continued cold weather and increased demand for heating oil is supported by reliable evidence, and Consolidated Industries has a strong financial position with a balanced mix of business operations, the recommendation may be reasonable. However, if there are significant uncertainties or other potential investment opportunities that may offer better returns, it may be advisable to consider other options before making a decision.

很应对question 的这个类型; 另外文本的展开也是很符合GRE 写作要的critical thinking 的要求的。都是一些很克制的思辨(上面highlight的 if,it is possible that...)

# 例子2

The following appeared in a letter from a firm providing investment advice for a client.

"Most homes in the northeastern United States, where winters are typically cold, have traditionally used oil as their major fuel for heating. Last heating season that region experienced 90 days with below-normal temperatures, and climate forecasters predict that this weather pattern will continue for several more years. Furthermore, many new homes are being built in the region in response to recent population growth. Because of these trends, we predict an increased demand for heating oil and recommend investment in Consolidated Industries, one of whose major business operations is the retail sale of home heating oil."

Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

argument 部分和上一个例子是一样的,说的也是一个公司给客户的投资建议

instruction部分是个assumption的类型

看下ChatGPT 的简单回复版【269 words】

The argument presented in the letter makes several assumptions in order to recommend investment in Consolidated Industries.

One stated assumption is that the weather pattern of 90 days with below-normal temperatures in the northeastern United States will continue for several more years, as predicted by climate forecasters. If this assumption proves unwarranted and the region experiences a return to more mild winters, it is likely that the demand for heating oil will decrease, potentially negatively impacting the profits of Consolidated Industries.

Another assumption made in the argument is that the population growth in the northeastern United States will result in the construction of many new homes in the region. If this assumption is not accurate and the number of new homes being built is lower than expected, it is possible that the increased demand for heating oil predicted in the argument may not materialize.

An unstated assumption of the argument is that Consolidated Industries is a financially stable company with a strong market position in the retail sale of home heating oil. If this assumption is not true and the company is struggling financially or faces significant competition in the market, the recommendation to invest in Consolidated Industries may not be reasonable.

Overall, the argument depends on the assumptions that the weather pattern of cold winters in the northeastern United States will continue, that population growth will result in the construction of many new homes in the region, and that Consolidated Industries is a financially stable company with a strong market position. If these assumptions prove unwarranted, the argument for investing in Consolidated Industries may not be as strong.

同样,非常应对assumption 这个题目要求,也有那些克制的if/possible/likely, 除了展开的细节不够多有点遗憾,其它的结构和论证的完整度已经很好了。

目前的这个简洁版本至少能帮到我们argument 的构思:当有些argument 类型不知道如果找逻辑问题的时候,可以求助下ChatGPT

ChatGPT 能不能给我们写出来一个细节更为完整的可作为范文的回答呢?

下面是更为完整的关于assumption 那个例子的ChatGPT 示范 【695 words】

The following is an analysis of the stated and unstated assumptions made in the argument recommending investment in Consolidated Industries, a company whose major business operation is the retail sale of home heating oil.

One stated assumption of the argument is that the weather pattern of 90 days with below-normal temperatures in the northeastern United States will continue for several more years, as predicted by climate forecasters. 【assumption】 This assumption is important for the argument because it suggests that the demand for heating oil in the region will remain high over the long-term. However, there are several factors that could potentially impact the accuracy of this assumption. 【 weaken】

One factor to consider is the reliability of the climate forecasts being used to predict the weather pattern. If the forecasts are based on incomplete or outdated data, they may not accurately reflect the future weather patterns in the northeastern United States. Additionally, it is important to consider the potential for natural climate variability, as weather patterns can vary significantly from year to year due to factors such as El Niño and La Niña events. If the region experiences a return to more mild winters, it is likely that the demand for heating oil will decrease, potentially negatively impacting the profits of Consolidated Industries. 【具体weaken 的内容】

Another assumption made in the argument is that the population growth in the northeastern United States will result in the construction of many new homes in the region.  【assumption】This assumption is based on the idea that as the population increases, there will be a corresponding increase in the demand for housing. However, there are several factors that could potentially impact the accuracy of this assumption. 【 weaken】

One factor to consider is the availability of land for new home construction. If land is scarce or there are zoning restrictions in place that limit the ability to build new homes, it is possible that the number of new homes being constructed may be lower than expected. Additionally, the economic conditions in the region may impact the demand for new homes. If the economy is performing poorly or there is a lack of affordable housing options, it is possible that the construction of new homes may be slower than anticipated. If the number of new homes being built is lower than expected, it is possible that the increased demand for heating oil predicted in the argument may not materialize.【具体weaken 的内容】

An unstated assumption of the argument is that Consolidated Industries is a financially stable company with a strong market position in the retail sale of home heating oil. 【assumption】This assumption is important for the argument because it suggests that the company will be able to capitalize on the predicted increase in demand for heating oil and generate profits for investors. However, there are several factors that could potentially impact the financial stability and market position of Consolidated Industries. 【 weaken】

One factor to consider is the company's financial performance over time. If Consolidated Industries has a history of poor financial performance or has struggled to adapt to changes in the market, it may not be a financially stable company. Additionally, it is important to consider the level of competition in the market for home heating oil. If Consolidated Industries faces significant competition from other companies, it may be more difficult for them to maintain their market position and generate profits. If the company is struggling financially or faces significant competition in the market, the recommendation to invest in Consolidated Industries may not be reasonable.【具体weaken 的内容】

Overall, the argument recommending investment in Consolidated Industries depends on the assumptions that the weather pattern of cold winters in the northeastern United States will continue, that population growth will result in the construction of many new homes in the region, and that Consolidated Industries is a financially stable company with a strong market position. 【这种内容不见得要重复,但如果也不至于是扣分项】These assumptions are important for the argument because they suggest that the demand for heating oil in the region will remain high over the long-term and that Consolidated Industries will be able to capitalize on this increase in demand and generate profits for investors. However,  If any of these assumptions prove unwarranted, it could potentially weaken the argument for investing in the company.

这个版本好的地方是细节是真的很细了,结构也很清楚,表达同样很易读,可以提高的当然是用词可以更为丰富些,稍微有些太重复了。毕竟是考试,多样性还是要注意下的。

如果加上用词的丰富度,这篇文章完全可以5.5+啊,已经很有细节了。

以上,希望对大家备考、备课有用。

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