Some high school teachers (teachers of students aged 14-18) spend most of the class time lecturing while the students listen and take notes. Other high school teachers spend most of the class time on discussion and projects that students are highly involved in and exchange their ideas. Which of these two approaches do you think is more effective for student's learning and why?
The effectiveness of a teaching approach depends on various factors such as the subject matter, student's cognitive ability, and learning styles.However, in general, a teaching approach that involves discussion and projects, where students are highly involved in exchanging their ideas, is more effective for student's learning than a lecture-based approach.
Firstly, discussion and project-based approaches promote active engagement among students. Students are encouraged to participate in class activities, share their opinions, and ask questions, which promotes critical thinking and enhances their understanding of the subject. When students are engaged in the learning process, they are more likely to retain information and apply it in real-life situations.
Secondly, discussion and project-based approaches are student-centered, allowing students to take ownership of their learning. In this approach, the teacher acts as a facilitator, guiding students through the learning process while students take the lead in their own learning. This approach empowers students to learn at their own pace, explore their interests and develop their problem-solving and collaborative skills.
On the other hand, the lecture-based approach has several limitations.
Students can become passive learners, where they are only expected to listen and take notes without actively engaging in the learning process. This approach may not cater to different learning styles, and students who may not learn best by listening may struggle to understand the subject matter. Additionally, students may not retain the information provided in a lecture-based approach, as they may not be able to apply the information in real-life situations.
In conclusion, the discussion and project-based approach are more effective for student's learning as it promotes active engagement, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills. It also empowers students to take ownership of their learning, explore their interests, and retain the information better than a lecture-based approach.